A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Based upon the Law of Vietnamese Nationality, which was last revised on July 15, 1988. New citizenship laws were passed in 1999 but have not yet been implemented.

The U.S. State Department, which provided English translation of Vietnamese Law, is the best available source of information. Information from Vietnamese government sources was not readily available or provided.

When the nationality of parents changes, all of their children 18 and under are automatically included in any change. The adoption or loss of Vietnamese nationality by one of the spouses does not change the nationality of the other.

BY BIRTH: Birth within the Republic of Vietnam does not automatically confer citizenship. Exceptions: A child born in Vietnam to parents who are stateless and have permanent residence in Vietnam; a child found abandoned within the territory of Vietnam.

BY DESCENT: Child, both of whose parents are citizens of Vietnam, regardless of the child's country of birth. Child, one of whose parents is a citizen of Vietnam and the other is stateless, regardless of the child's country of birth.

Child, one of whose parents is a citizen of Vietnam and the other is a foreign national, if the child was born in Vietnam or the parents had permanent residence in Vietnam at the time of birth.

BY NATURALIZATION: Vietnamese citizenship may be obtained upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is at least 18 years of age, knows the Vietnamese language, and has lived in Vietnam at least five years.


LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP: Renunciation of Vietnamese citizenship is not allowed if it affects the national security.

VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation for legitimate reasons is permitted under Vietnamese law. Renunciations must be made in the country. Procedures for voluntary renunciation were not provided. Persons falling into certain categories are not permitted to renounce citizenship. Those people are: Persons in the service of the military. Persons with unpaid taxes or other unpaid obligations. Persons under prosecution or serving a sentence.

INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Vietnamese citizenship: Persons living abroad who are involved in acts seriously damaging the interests of Vietnam.

Other data were not provided.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship should be directed to the address below:

Embassy of Vietnam Telephone: 202-861-2293 1233 20th Street, NW, Suite 400 Fax: 202-861-0917 Washington DC 20036 vietnamembassy@msn.com



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