A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship is based upon the Estonian Law passed by the Riigikogu (the Parliament) on January 19, 1995, with an effective date of April 1, 1995.

BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of Estonia does not automatically confer citizenship. The exception is a child born to unknown parents.

BY DESCENT: Child of a recognized Estonian mother or father, regardless of the child's country of birth, even if the father dies before birth.

OTHER: The following are eligible to acquire Estonian citizenship: Foreign woman who married a citizen of Estonia before February 26, 1992. Child under 18 years of age, of a foreign mother who marries a citizen of Estonia and establishes permanent residency. Child born out of wedlock, who is legitimized (recognized) by the Estonian father.

BY NATURALIZATION: Estonian citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is at least 15 years old, is familiar with the Estonian language, and has permanently resided in Estonia for at least five years. (Permanent residency time is calculated after March 30, 1990, but may be waived in certain situations.)

Persons Not Eligible For Naturalized Citizenship: Person convicted of a serious crime. Foreign military personnel on active duty.



VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of Estonian citizenship is permitted by law. Persons who have not completed compulsory military service may not renounce citizenship. Contact Embassy for details and required paperwork.

INVOLUNTARY: The following are grounds for involuntary loss of Estonian citizenship: Person voluntarily acquires a foreign citizenship. Person has entered into the military or civilian service of a foreign state.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the address below:

Embassy of Estonia Consular Section 2131 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008

Embassy/Consular Telephone: 202-588-0101 Fax: 202-588-0108



Consulate General of the Republic of Estonia 600 Third Avenue, 26th Floor New York, NY 10016


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