A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Ecuadorian citizenship law is based on the Constitution of Ecuador of 1998.

BY BIRTH: Child born within the territorial limits of the Republic of Ecuador, regardless of the nationality of the mother or father.

BY DESCENT: Child born abroad, of a native born Ecuadorian father or mother, who later becomes resident of the Republic or expresses the desire to be Ecuadorian.

Child born abroad, of a native born Ecuadorian father or mother, while either parent carried out an official appointment or was exiled for political reasons, unless he or she expresses a desire (regarding the child's citizenship) to the contrary.

BY NATURALIZATION: Ecuadorian citizenship can be applied for upon fulfillment of certain (unspecified) conditions. Person obtains naturalization according to the Laws (unspecified) of Ecuador. Marriage to an Ecuadorian national does not automatically confer citizenship, but it does aid in expediting the naturalization process. Congress can grant a person citizenship as a reward for important services to the country.

DUAL CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED. Exception: Dual nationality is recognized between Ecuador and Spain by treaty between the two countries.


VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of citizenship can be accomplished through any Ecuadorian embassy abroad. The embassy will report the renunciation to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Ecuador, which will register the renunciation in the Civilian Registry. Once registered, the person will cease to be a citizen of Ecuador.

INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Ecuadorian citizenship: Person voluntarily acquires foreign citizenship other than Spain.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the address below:

The Embassy of Ecuador Consular Section 2335 14th St., NW Washington, DC 20009

Embassy Telephone: 202-234-7200 Consular Telephone: 202-234-7166 Fax: 202-265-9325 mecuawa@erols.com or conecuwa@erols


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