A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]
Important Notice:
The information on this page is believed to be at least partially incorrect or out of date. Additional information may be available in Country Information.


CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship is based upon the Canadian Citizenship Act, dated 1947, the Citizenship Act, and the Citizenship Regulations dated 1977. All persons who were citizens of Canada before February 14, 1977 remained citizens of Canada.

Questions concerning persons born before January 1, 1947 (the date of independence), should be directed to the Embassy. (UKC-Commonwealth Nation)

BY BIRTH: Person born on or after February 14, 1977, regardless of the nationalities of the parents. Exceptions to this law include children born to diplomatic personnel and children of parents who were not legal residents in Canada at the time of the birth.

BY DESCENT: Person born abroad, on or after February 14, 1977, at least one of whose parents was a citizen of Canada. Upon reaching the age of 28, if the person has not returned to reside in Canada and applied to retain citizenship, Canadian citizenship will be revoked.

BY NATURALIZATION: Canadian citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is 18 years or older. Person has been a legal resident in Canada for three years out of the previous four years. Person can communicate in English or French. Person has knowledge of Canada, including the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. Person is not under criminal sentence, order of deportation, or charged with or convicted of an indictable offence.

DUAL CITIZENSHIP: RECOGNIZED. Before the Citizenship Act of February 15, 1977, Canadian law limited dual citizenship. Canadians who became citizens of another country before this date should check with the Embassy to see if they may still hold Canadian citizenship.


VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of Canadian citizenship is permitted by law. Contact the Embassy for details and required paperwork.

INVOLUNTARY: The following are grounds for involuntary loss of naturalized Canadian citizenship: Naturalized citizenship was obtained through fraud or false statement. Naturalized citizen has spent more than 10 years living abroad.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the address below:

Embassy of Canada, Consular Section 501 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Washington, DC 20001

Embassy/Consular Telephone: 202-682-1740 Fax: 202-682-7726





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