A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Belgian citizenship is based upon the Code of Belgian Nationality, dated June 28, 1984, and amended January 1, 1992.

BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of Belgium does not automatically confer citizenship.

BY DESCENT: Child born in Belgium, at least one of whose parents is a citizen of Belgium. This same rule applies for an adopted child. Child born abroad, at least one of whose parents was a native-born citizen of Belgium. Parents have up to five years to register child.

CHILDREN OF IMMIGRANTS: Citizenship may be granted when: Child is born in Belgium to non-citizens who were also born in Belgium. Child is born to non-citizens who have lived in Belgium at least 10 years before the birth of the child and who have filed a citizenship claim for the child. Child born in Belgium, who has resided there continuously since birth, may make a declaration of Belgian nationality between the ages of 18 and 30.

BY NATURALIZATION: Belgian citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is at least 18 years of age and has resided in country for at least 5 years.

DUAL CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED. Exception: Belgian children born abroad, who received the citizenship of country of birth, may hold dual citizenship until age 18.


VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of citizenship can only be made if the person holds another citizenship or acquires it at the time of the declaration. Renunciations may be sent to the nearest Belgian Embassy.

INVOLUNTARY: The following are grounds for involuntary loss of Belgian citizenship: Person voluntarily acquires foreign citizenship. Person, born abroad and not in the service of Belgium, who lives abroad from age 18 to 28, without making a declaration of citizenship.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to address below:

Embassy of Belgium washington@diplobel.org Consular Section www.diplobel.org/usa/ 3330 Garfield St., NW www.belguim.fgov.be Washington, DC 20008

Embassy/Consular Telephone: 202-333-6900 Fax: 202-333-3079


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